Why did pitt the younger become

Pitt lived and died a bachelor, totally obsessed with political office.

Why did pitt the younger become

India[ edit ] His administration secure, Pitt could begin to enact his agenda. His first major piece of legislation as Prime Minister was the India Actwhich re-organised the British East India Company and kept a watch over corruption. It differed from Fox's failed India Bill and specified that the Board would be appointed by the King.

Further augmentations and clarifications of the Governor-General's authority were made inpresumably by Lord Sydney, and presumably as a result of the Company's setting up of Penang with their own Superintendent GovernorCaptain Francis Lightin Parliamentary reform[ edit ] In domestic politics, Pitt also concerned himself with the cause of parliamentary reform.

Inhe introduced a bill to remove the representation of thirty-six rotten boroughs, and to extend in a small way, the electoral franchise to more individuals. Pitt sought to reduce the national debt by imposing new taxes. A fifth of Britain's imports were smuggled in without paying taxes.

He made it easier for honest merchants to import goods. The Alliance, however, failed to produce any other important benefits for Great Britain. If the sovereign was incapable of fulfilling his constitutional duties, Parliament would need to appoint a regent to rule in his place.

All factions agreed the only viable candidate was the King's eldest son, Prince George, Prince of Wales. The Prince, however, was a supporter of Charles James Fox; had he come to power, he would almost surely have dismissed Pitt. However, he did not have such an opportunity, as Parliament spent months debating legal technicalities relating to the regency.

Why did pitt the younger become

Fortunately for Pitt, the King recovered in Februaryjust after a Regency Bill had been introduced and passed in the House of Commons. Inhe proceeded to address one of the problems facing the growing British Empire: By the Constitutional Act ofthe province of Quebec was divided into two separate provinces: French Revolutionary Wars Pitt standing centre addressing the Commons on the outbreak of the war with France ; painting by Anton Hickel An early favourable response to the French Revolution encouraged many in Great Britain to reopen the issue of parliamentary reform, which had been dormant since Pitt's reform bill was defeated in The reformers, however, were quickly labelled as radicals and as associates of the French revolutionaries.

Subsequently, inPitt's administration tried three of them for treason but lost.

Why did pitt the younger become

Parliament began to enact repressive legislation in order to silence the reformers. Individuals who published seditious material were punished, and, inthe writ of habeas corpus was suspended. Other repressive measures included the Seditious Meetings Act which restricted the right of individuals to assemble publicly and the Combination Acts which restricted the formation of societies or organisations that favoured political reforms.

Problems manning the Royal Navy also led to Pitt to introduce the Quota System in in addition to the existing system of Impressment. Unlike in the latter stages of the Napoleonic Warsat this point Britain had only a very small standing army, and thus contributed to the war effort mainly by sea power and by supplying funds to other coalition members facing France.

Throughout the s, the war against France was presented as an ideological struggle between French republicanism vs. British monarchism with government seeking to mobilise public opinion in support of the war. P Thompson is incorrect, stating there is much evidence of a "popular conservative movement" that rallied in defense of King and Country.

In Jane Austen 's novel Northanger Abbey-which was written in the s, but not published until one of the characters remarks it is not possible for a family to keep secrets in these modern times when spies for the government were lurking everywhere, which captures well the tense, paranoid atmosphere of the s when people were being encouraged to report "radicals" to the authorities.

Domingue modern Haiti to seize the richest French colony in the world, believing this was would strike a great blow at France while bringing St.

Domingue into the British Empire and ensuring the slaves in the British West Indies would not be inspired to likewise revolt. Domingue, lest their own slaves be inspired to seek freedom.

Domingue on 20 Septemberstating they had come to protect the white population from the blacks, and were able to seize some coastal enclaves.

Domingue inspired ferocious resistance from the Haitians, who had no desire to be forced into chains again. The heavy death toll caused by yellow feverthe much dreaded "black vomit", made conquering St.

Domingue impossible, but an undeterred Pitt launched what he called the "great push" insending out the largest British expedition yet mounted to conquer St.

Domingue, no matter what the cost in lives and money, to improve Britain's negotiating hand when it came time to make peace with the French republic.

Domingue, than he ever did to Europe in the years —98 that it is proper to view the West Indies as Britain's main theater of war and Europe as more of a sideshow.

Domingue could not be abandoned. Domingue to the British empire had killed off most of the British army, cost the British treasury a fortune and weakened British influence in Europe, making British power "fettered, numbered and paralyzed", all for nothing.

The Spithead mutiny occurred at exactly the same moment that the French and their Dutch allies were preparing for an invasion of Great Britain which threw the government into a state of panic. Great Britain would continue to use paper money for over two decades.

Pitt was also forced to introduce Great Britain's first ever income tax. The new tax helped offset losses in indirect tax revenue, which had been caused by a decline in trade.Below is an essay on "Why did Pitt the younger dominate politics " from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

William Pitt came to power in December , becoming the youngest prime minister in British history. William Pitt the Younger. William Pitt was born at Hayes, Kent on 28th May He suffered from poor health and was educated at home.

His father, William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, was the former M.P. for Old Sarum and one of the most important politicians of the period. William Pitt the Younger was born on 28 May at Hayes near Bromley in Kent: that year was also the Anno Mirabilis of the Seven Years' War being conducted by his father, Pitt the Elder.

The younger Pitt was the second son and fourth of five children born to William Pitt . The biography of Pitt by John Ehrman, The Younger Pitt (), is an outstanding work of scholarship which deals exhaustively with Pitt's early years, to A brief but thoughtful biography is John W.

Derry, William Pitt (). When did Pitt the Younger become British Prime Minister?

Pitt’s first ministry, 1783–1801

19th December When did Pitt the Younger resign and why? due to a disagreement with the King. When did Pitt the Younger become Prime Minister for the second time? but died in William Pitt the Younger The English statesman William Pitt the Younger () introduced important financial and administrative reforms, girded England for war against Revolutionary and Napoleonic France, and attempted to solve the perennial Irish problem.

William Pitt, the Elder | prime minister of United Kingdom | ashio-midori.com