The most commonly held belief is that he murdered five women from Aug. These are referred to as the Ripper murders also called the canonical murders and are counted within 11 murders that took place around the same time, called the Whitechapel murders. Including the method of murder and post-mortem disfigurement, the canonical victims had a few things in common. All were prostitutes or were known to accept propositions on occasionmost were middle-aged and all were either drunk or known alcoholics.
Context[ edit ] In the late Victorian eraWhitechapel was considered to be the most notorious criminal rookery in London.
The area around Flower and Dean Street was described as "perhaps the foulest and most dangerous street in the whole metropolis";  Dorset Street was called "the worst street in London".
The district was characterised by extreme poverty, sub-standard housing, homelessness, drunkenness and endemic prostitution. These factors were focused in the institution of the common lodging-housewhich provided cheap communal lodgings for the desperate and the destitute, among whom the Whitechapel murder victims were numbered.
Forensic techniquessuch as fingerprint analysis, were not in use. Beat constables walked regular, timed routes. She lived in a common lodging-house at 18 George Street later named Lolesworth Streetone block west of where she was attacked. Although injured, she survived the attack and managed to walk back to her lodging house at 18 George Street, Spitalfields.
She told the deputy keeper, Mary Russell, that she had been attacked by two or three men, one of them a youth. Mrs Russell took Smith to the London Hospitalwhere medical examination revealed that a blunt object had been inserted into her vagina, rupturing her peritoneum.
Prostitutes were often managed by gangs, and Smith could have been attacked by her pimps as a punishment for disobeying them, or as part of their intimidation. On the basis of statements from a fellow prostitute, and PC Thomas Barrett who was patrolling nearby, Inspector Reid put soldiers at the Tower of London and Wellington Barracks on an identification parade, but without positive results.
Her body was discovered by cart driver Charles Cross at 3: Her throat had been slit twice from left to right and her abdomen was mutilated by a deep jagged wound.
Several shallower incisions across the abdomen, and three or four similar cuts on the right side were caused by the same knife used violently and downwards. In his summing up, he dismissed the possibility that her murder was connected with those of Smith and Tabram, as the lethal weapons were different in those cases, and neither of the earlier cases involved a slash to the throat.
She had been disembowelled, and her intestines had been thrown out of her abdomen over each of her shoulders. The morgue examination revealed that part of her uterus was missing. His alibis for the two most recent murders were corroborated, and he was released without charge.
Baxter inferred that the man Mrs Long had seen was the murderer. Mrs Long described him as over forty, a little taller than Chapman, of dark complexion, and of foreign, "shabby-genteel" appearance.
She was lying in a pool of blood with her throat cut from left to right.
She had been killed just minutes before, and her body was otherwise unmutilated. It is possible that the murderer was disturbed before he could commit any mutilation of the body by someone entering the yard, perhaps Louis Diemschutz, who discovered the body. Her left kidney and most of her uterus were removed.
The Eddowes inquest was opened on 4 October by Samuel F. Langham, coroner for the City of London. There was chalk writing on the wall of the doorwaywhich read either "The Juwes are the men that will not be blamed for nothing"   or "The Juwes are not the men who will be blamed for nothing.Mar 03, · Richard Jones takes you to the scene of the first Jack the Ripper Murder that of Mary Nichols whose body was found in Buck's Row, Whitechapel in the early ho.
Mary Ann "Polly" Nichols (née Walker; 26 August – 31 August ) was one of the Whitechapel murder victims. Her death has been attributed to the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper, who is believed to have killed and mutilated at least five women, all of whom worked as prostitutes, in the Whitechapel area of London from late August to early November Aug 31, · Mary Ann Nichols, known as “Polly,” was murdered early on the morning of Aug.
31, , on a narrow London street called Buck’s Row, becoming the first known victim of serial killer Jack the Ripper. Nichols, believed to be 42 at the time of her death, . Mary Ann Nichols, or 'Polly', was the first of the Whitechapel murders attributed to the violent, horrific, unidentified killer known as Jack the Ripper.
Her life is relatively well-documented, perhaps due to her status as an inmate of various 'workhouses', which were places of refuge for the most poor and destitute. Buck's Row, Whitechapel Site of the murder of Jack the Ripper's victim, Mary Ann "Poly" Nichols, on 31 August Find this Pin and more on 19th Century America & Victorian London by John D.
O'Brien. Mary Ann Monk, arrived and recognized the body in the morgue as Mary Ann Nichols, who had lived in that workhouse months earlier. Word of the murder got around Whitechapel, and Ellen Holland soon came from the lodge house at 18 Thrawl Street as well to confirm that the victim was, indeed, Polly.