For far too long, we as Americans had given in to the status quo and we had come to accept the lack-luster representation we were receiving from our elected officials.
The key to how it is misused is the ambiguity of the terms liberal and conservative. I count five 5 distinct uses of these terms. The first three are familiar to everybody. There's the social scale, where liberals believe people should be left to do what they want, and conservatives seek a social order reminiscent of Norman Rockwell paintings.
There's the economic scale, where liberals believe some social services are necessary, and conservatives seek smaller government. These three scales are only tenuously related.
It is easy to find futurist social conservatives, social liberals for smaller government aka libertariansand any other combination of the above. But, with only the words liberal and conservative used for all three axes, there's a strong--and clearly false--implication that one who is liberal on one axis is liberal on the others.
That said, let us move on to judges. Judges are often described as constructionists or activists, as if there is a single axis along which we measure judges. So, let's make some definitions. Constructionism There are two components to a law: One school of thought, strict constructionism, contends that one should focus as much as possible only on the statute as written, rather than subsequent interpretation.
Congress wrote what it darn well intended the law to be, so why should later judges and pundits modify that intent?
How Was James Madison A Strict Constructionist. Jefferson and James Madison, the characterization of Jeffersonian Republicans as strict constructionists and Federalists as loose constructionists was generally true for the most part. While both Presidents were Democratic-Republicans and often adopted a strict constructionist view, there . The United States of America Political Parties. Federalist-The Federalist Party was a United States political party in the period to , with remnants lasting into the ashio-midori.comtion to Federalist stances led Jefferson and Madison to form the republican party, eventually becoming the Democratic-Republican Party. While Jefferson was in office during the early part of the nineteenth century, he proved himself as a strict constructionist most of the time. In August of , Jefferson's first year of presidency, he stated in a letter to Gideon Granger that he supported the Constitution and it's principles (Doc A).
The constructionist view bears much in common with the neoclassical economist's viewpoint, that people are very rational and very capable of forseeing the future. To the extent that this is correct, the constructionist claim that Congress wrote what it intended the future to look like works.
I work with patents, and patents are an excellent example of how constructionism and the hyperrational assumption can go horribly wrong. Even the Psychic Hotline would have difficulty with such a question, yet a strict constructionist has a simple answer: The alternative is to look at more recent rulings and try to conform with those.
My impression is that this is the modal type of judge: Let us call this the developmentalist approach; some call it the activist approach.
As an aside, the constructionist view toward the U. Constitution is often characterized as interpreting the constitution the way the Founding Fathers intended it.
But this is an incorrect phrasing. The earth belongs always to the living generation. Rather, the sane strict constitutional constructionist generally shoots for a direct reading of the words as written, outside of the context of colonial times.
That is, if judges past have decided that the law of the land is X, then ya don't change it to Y unless there's a darn good reason.Strict vs. Loose Construction (Interpretation) Hamilton represented the Federalists The Federalists supported a strong national government Jefferson represented the Democratic-Republicans The Democratic-Republicans wanted more state power, less national government power Democratic-Republicans were.
James Madison. Strict constructionist, 4th president, father of the Constitution, leads nation through War of strict construction. theory embraced by Jefferson; believed that the Constitution should be interpreted literally. APUSH Chapter Launching the New Ship of .
Before Madison was president he was a strict-constructionist Jeffersonian Republican.
Madison wrote most of the Constitution and later added the Bill of Rights. Madison also took part in the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions along with Jefferson.
James Madison Essays: Over , James Madison Essays, James Madison Term Papers, James Madison Research Paper, Book Reports.
ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access I was always under the impression that Thomas Jefferson was a strict constructionist. Now, armed with “new” evidence, I’m in the process.
[Letter to James Madison, 6 Sept ] The statement ‘I am a strict constructionist, be- cause I interpret the law the way a set of developmentalists did in ’ is . James Madison. Thesaurus. Definitions of James Madison.
1. Madison, President Madison Example of: Chief Executive, President, President of the United States, United States President. the person who holds the office of head of state of the United .