Immigration Roger Daniels Immigration and immigration policy have been an integral part of the American polity since the early years of the American Republic.
The Great Depression and World War II Meanwhile, Boll Weevil Dusting for all the talk of progress and prosperity emanating from Atlanta and other cities, conditions in the countryside went from bad to worse.
The boll weevil became a major problem upon its introduction to the state in and led to a precipitous drop in cotton production, with the number of bales produced in only about a fourth of the number produced five years earlier.
During the s more thanresidents, almost all black, migrated to other parts of the country, and between and nearly half the state's agricultural workers had abandoned farming.
The Great Depression and the New Deal policies imposed to remedy its effects were equally transformative in their impact on Georgia agriculture. Roosevelt was fully Roosevelts in Atlanta familiar with the plight of rural Georgians from his years of polio treatments at Warm Springsboth prior to and throughout his presidency.
Inaugurated inRoosevelt created the Agricultural Adjustment Administration during his first days in office as an attempt to raise crop prices by lowering agricultural production.
An unintended consequence of the policy, however, was to put farmers out of work, causing even greater numbers to seek other means of employment.
As a result, rural communities struggled to maintain their populations in the face of dwindling farming income and the lack of industrial job opportunities.
Promising a surplus of cheap, nonunion labor and relying on a variety of inducements, some of which were financed by public subscription or deductions from workers' checks, several Georgia towns succeeded in attracting small, low-wage employers—mostly textile mills —in the s.
The Ben Epps state's unique aviation history also began during these years, and set the stage for Georgia's later industrialization and economic prosperity. Ben Eppsconsidered to be the father of aviation in the state, built and flew the first plane in Georgia on a field in Athens in Within a few decades, the airport served as a major hub for both Eastern Air Lines and Delta Air Lineswhich moved its headquarters to Atlanta in The United States' entry into World War II brought the Great Depression to an end, as industrial production for the war effort created thousands of new jobs around the nation.
Georgia in particular felt these economic benefits, as soldiers arrived for training at Fort Benning in Columbusat that time the largest infantry training post in the world.
The Bell Aircraft Corporation in Marietta, Fort Benning known as Bell Bomberproduced B airplanes from until the end of the war, and by early the factory employed more than 28, workers. The ports of Savannah and Brunswick produced nearly "Liberty Ships" between and The Southeastern Shipbuilding Corporation, based at a site on the Savannah River, employed more than 15, workers.
After the war the state continued to prosper, with Atlanta in particular experiencing a growth in industry and population. A transportation hub since its origins as a railroad town, the city was well positioned to accommodate this growth with the development of Hartsfield Airport from a regional facility into a national airport during the s and s.
By the late twentieth century Hartsfield had become one of the busiest passenger airports in the world. The Civil Rights Era and Sunbelt Georgia As Segregation Protest the civil rights era of the s and s unfolded, the interests, aims, and ambitions of Atlanta's political and economic leaders diverged dramatically in many ways from those that prevailed in the state at large.
As the city's population surged, Atlanta voters chafed under the state's county unit systemwhich gave, for example, three rural counties with a combined population of 7, just as much clout in statewide elections as Fulton Countywith itsinhabitants. The result was that the more racially moderate and economically progressive candidates generally favored by Atlantans had to fight an uphill battle against self-styled rustics and race-baiters like Eugene Talmadgewho won the governorship four times in the s and s without, as he bragged, ever campaigning in a county with streetcars.
In the U. Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that the "separate but equal" laws governing public education in Georgia and other southern states were unconstitutional.The Superfluous Men: Conservative Critics of American Culture, [Robert Crunden] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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