Did Moses copy the Law from the Code of Hammurabi? Hammurabi was a Babylonian king who reigned from to B. He is remembered today for promoting and enforcing an organized code of laws. The Code of Hammurabi, discovered on a stele inis one of the best preserved and comprehensive of ancient writings of significant length ever found.
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Why are there two Law-codes that are similar though different in the Pentateuch? Why does it seem that the Pentateuch closely parallels other texts from the Ancient Near East, like the Code of Hammurabi?
These questions are tough questions. It is certainly something that is beginning to take notice by college students who are first introduced to such parallelisms, and several other readers on the world wide web.
The question is should Ancient Near Eastern parallels between the Code of Hammurabi and the Pentateuch, which is the present focus, affect our interpretation of the Decalogue much less the rest of Scripture?
Perhaps by looking at the similarities and differences between the two Law-codes of the Pentateuch, which is first given in Exodus 20 and Differences exodus hammurabi in Deuteronomy 5, we can determine why there are two similar though different accounts.
When we have accomplished that, then we Differences exodus hammurabi be able to determine why there are similarities between the Pentateuch and the Code of Hammurabi. Finally, after having completed all aforementioned tasks, then we will be able to determine how the similarities between the Pentateuch and Ancient Near Eastern texts might affect our interpretations of the Bible and the Decalogue.
We should begin by first examining the immediate contexts of the Law-codes found in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5. Exodus 20 is spoken by the Lord. The people have just recently been delivered from the land of Egypt and have escaped death by the army of Pharaoh. Now the Lord is giving them the Law and the decrees that they are to follow as his people.
Deuteronomy 5 is not spoken by God. At the time that he speaks the Law to the people of Israel, he is talking to the next generation of Hebrews, not the old and rebellious generation who had all died with the exception of Joshua, Caleb and Moses.
The people were on the verge of entering the Promised Land when Moses retold the Law to the people.
These immediate contexts have some huge differences. The former giving of the Law came straight from the mouth of the Lord. Additionally, the former Law-code was given after leaving the land of Egypt, whereas the latter one was given right before entering the Promised Land.
Understanding these differences in context may help us understand why the two Law-codes have differences themselves.
With the exception of a few major differences, for the most part the two Law-codes are the same.
Yet, each has subtle—minor—differences. We should take a look at the major differences of both, starting with the first giving of the Law found in Exodus, and we will do so using the New Revised Standard Version NRSV of the text.
The first verse of Exodus 20 is entirely different from the first verse of Deuteronomy 5. This verse sets the immediate context—the Lord is speaking.
In English, there are only a few notable differences. The list of things not to do and who is not to do it on the Sabbath in the Exodus Law-code is much shorter than the one in Deuteronomy. The reason for this Sabbath Law is entirely different in the Exodus account than the one in Deuteronomy.
Finally, the order of which the objects of coveting are given in the Exodus account are switched in the Deuteronomy account. In the same verse it adds extra livestock language—ox and donkey.
Finally at the end of 14 these words are added that are not in the Law-code in Exodus: It also adds an extra blessing for keeping this commandment, which are in quotations as follows: The most significant differences between the texts are the verb choice and the reason for the third commandment, and the additional phrases contained in Deuteronomy that do not exist in Exodus.The Code of Hammurabi vs.
the Exodus vs. Torah I found many similarities between The Code of Hammurabi and the other texts. The Torah in particular had several laws concerning how to compensate someone for their cattle which sounded like they had been paraphrased directly from the code of H. Hammurabi, the ruler of the first metropolis in Babylon, wrote the Code of Hammurabi.
As all societies need laws, Hammurabi wrote the code of laws to establish order and to dictate punishment for crimes in Mesopotamian society. 1 Benjamin Jones Brown University 15/05/ Exodus: The Hammurabi Code The Relationship Between Mosaic Law and the Mesopotamian Legal Canon In the history of literary conversation between the annals of Mesopotamian literature and the Hebrew Bible, the stories referenced in the Book of Genesis are probably the most immediately .
Both Levitical law and Hammurabi’s Code impose the death penalty in cases of adultery and kidnapping (Leviticus ; Exodus ; cf. Statutes and 14). Also, there are similarities in the law of retaliation, such as “an eye .
Compare Exodus and Code of Hammurabi essays There are many rules and codes throughout the Bible that are to be followed. In Exodus, the Ten Commandments are found.
These are easily comparable to the codes found in the Book of the Dead and the Code of Hammurabi. "Differences Exodus Hammurabi" Essays and Research Papers Differences Exodus Hammurabi laid down by Hammurabi in “The Code of Hammurabi ”, and in the book of Exodus.