Sometime after the seventh century, the area was invaded and settled by pagan German tribes, later known as Prussians. InPrussia was conquered by the Teutonic Knights, a military religious order, who converted the Prussians to Christianity. Prussia was divided into Royal Prussia in the west and Ducal Prussia in the east.
Caesar referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germania. One of the largest Germanic tribes, the Franks, took over the other West Germanic tribes after the fall of the Roman Empire. They developed the Frankish Empire, with the ruler, Charlemagne.
He was crowned in Rome by the pope, and ruled until when the empire was divided among Charlemagne's heirs. The eastern kingdoms, Franconians, Saxons, Bavarians, and Swabians were ruled by the descendants until At this time, they elected a Franconian, Conrad I.
InOtto I became the first of the German kings crowned emperor in Rome. The Germans were the richest and most politically powerful in Europe.
Expansion began, but resulted in expensive wars that weakened the German empire. Conflicts between Catholics and Protestants and competition between states created widespread discord. Germany was the main site for battles and was where the final conflict between France and the Habsburgs took place.
The country was also still divided and in-fighting weakened the empire. Known as "particularism" the existence of many states of various sizes and kinds continued until The Napoleonic wars sparked the process of true unification. A number of independent German kingdoms united under Prussian leadership and officially formed the German Empire Deutsches Kaiserreich.
The empire reached to the eastern city modern day Klaipeda Memel in Lithuania, encompassing over 40 percent of contemporary Poland, to Alsace-Lorraine Franceeastern Belgium Eupen-Malmedyand up north to southern Denmark. Inthe Congress of Vienna further unified the several hundred states into thirty-eight states.
The largest of these states, Austria and Prussia, competed for prime positions within emerging Germany.
Otto von Bismarck was largely responsible for this unification and secured Prussian supremely in a united Germany in The new German Empire no longer included Austria. Bismarck was dismissed in by the young emperor Wilhelm II.
Prosperous Germany also competed fro greater prominence among the European states. An aggressive program of military expansion led to fear among its neighbors. In the summer ofGermany's rulers went to war with Russia and France. They believed this was a vital strategic move as by Russian and French military reforms would be complete and they would be able to compete with Germany.
A complicated system of alliances arose and regional conflicts turned into World War I. The German's were defeated in November Other articles where History of Germany is discussed: Germany: History: Germanic peoples occupied much of the present-day territory of Germany in ancient times.
World War 1: A Comprehensive Overview of the Great War World War 1 inflicted hitherto unseen violence on Europe and entangled the entire planet in the conflict—the first time a . The state of Prussia was legally abolished in by the Allied Control Council, a group formed after World War II to resolve issues relating to Germany. Back to Main menu A project by History World International. It is one of the worst genocides in the history. Now called, World War II, the war involved many of the world's nations, including all of the great powers. Two two opposing military alliances were formed, the Allies and the Axis. The last post-war limitations to Germany's sovereignty were removed and the US, UK, France and Soviet Union gave.
The Germanic peoples are those who spoke one of the Germanic languages, and they thus originated as a group with the so-called first sound shift (Grimm’s law), which turned.
Japan declared war on Germany through her alliance with Great Britain, signed in The possibility of a Great War engulfing Europe had not become a reality since the terrifying days of the Napoleonic Wars. But it did not begin due to failure of diplomacy.
and a worried Moltke reinforced East Prussia. Before those reinforcements. Here, from New York Times best-selling historian Francis Russell, is the dramatic story of Germany - from the rise of Charlemagne to the age of Martin Luther, from the 30 Years' War to the iron rule of Otto von Bismarck, and from the formation of the Weimar Republic to the fighting of two world wars.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF GERMANY. By Tim Lambert. ANCIENT GERMANY. On 3 July Prussia won a great victory over the Austrians at Koniggratz. Afterwards a peace treaty created North German Federation dominated by Prussia.
Austria was expelled from German affairs. As a result the USA declared war on Germany on 6 April A Brief History of Prussia. The area known as Prussia was inhabited in early times by West Slavic tribes, ancestors of the modern Poles, in the West, and Baltic tribes, closely related to Lithuanians, in the East.
Germany led the Central Powers in World War I (–) against France, Great Britain, Russia and (by ) the United States.
Defeated and partly occupied, Germany was forced to pay war reparations by the Treaty of Versailles and was stripped of its colonies as well as areas given to re-established Poland and Alsace-Lorraine.