Alarm, shock, fear, fright, horror, terror, panic, hysteria, mortification Nervousness Anxiety, nervousness, tenseness, uneasiness, apprehension, worry, distress, dread There are also moves to minimize the number of basic emotions. Starting from the Ekman group of anger, fear, surprise, disgust, happiness and sadness, they found fear and surprise are similar, with 'eyes wide open' as the person increases visual attention. Anger and disgust are also similar, both starting with nose wrinkling.
Already have an account? Page history last edited by George H. We have a purpose, a certain audience, a particular stance, a genre, and a medium to consider--and often as not a design.
All are important elements that we need to think about carefully. In what follows below, we're going to cover what are called the "three rhetorical appeals. Before we can understand the ways in which the rhetorical appeals work, we must first understand what rhetoric is.
Definition There are many commonly-used definitionsbut for our purposes "rhetoric" refers to all of the following: The art of persuasion, and The study of the art of persuasion, and An individual act of persuasion. In the work we'll do in our rhetorical analysis, there are 2 parties to be concerned with: We will consider ourselves to be a 3rd party: We're not being persuaded.
We're just observing the interaction between the rhetor and the audience. Example A woman pulls her car up to the Starbucks drive-through, and before she can even order her large cup of coffee, the voice on the other end of the speaker says, "Thank you for choosing Starbucks!
May I interest you in a low-fat apple-banana bran muffin this morning, paired with a tall skinny soy latte? It's the Starbucks employee, because that's the person trying to persuade someone. Who is the audience? It's the woman in the car, because she's the person the rhetor is trying to persuade.
What is the act of persuasion taking place? The Starbucks employee is attempting to persuade the woman to buy a muffin and a pricey coffee drink. What would a rhetorical analysis of this situation be like? An observer--such as yourself--would consider the rhetor, the audience, and the rhetoric that is being used by the rhetor in an attempt to persuade the audience.
The observer would analyze the rhetoric--in this case, using the framework of the three rhetorical appeals explained below --and then explain their analysis in an essay. Has the rhetor made effective use of rhetoric in trying to persuade the audience?
Why or why not? Mistakes to avoid It's important for you to remember that rhetorical analysis requires you, the observer, to refrain from being a part in what's going on between the rhetor and the audience.
You are the silent third party. It is not your job to decide if you are persuaded by the rhetor. Instead, it's your job to decide if the audience would be persuaded by the rhetor.
Sometimes you have a very specific idea of who the audience is, but sometimes you just have a very general idea. Three Rhetorical Appeals "Of the [modes of persuasion] provided through speech there are three species: Kennedy In other words, Aristotle argues that there are three elements to the art of persuasion: The rhetor is perceived by the audience as credible or not.
The rhetor attempts to persuade the audience by making them feel certain emotions. The rhetor attempts to persuade the audience by the use of arguments that they will perceive as logical. We call these three elements rhetorical appeals. It's not necessary for every act of persuasion to make use of all three appeals.
Often, however, there is some element of each. In academic writing, ethos and logos are given more respect than pathos. An essay that relies primarily on pathos, with little use of ethos or logos, is unlikely to be perceived by an academic audience as persuasive.
Below, each of these appeals is explained in more detail. Ethos The use of ethos is called an "ethical appeal.To investigate Hypothesis 1 that all mental states (body states, emotions, thoughts) would involve some degree of representation of the current state of the body, conceptualization, and executive attention, we estimated the common network engagement for emotions, body feelings, and thoughts during the experience phase with a conjunction analysis.
Love, a strong emotion of attachment one feels for someone else. Ranges to family, pets, friends, significant others or fictional characters. Darwin's ideas. Darwin's The expressions of the emotions in man and animals was a landmark work which is still used as a source.
The following list is taken from the chapter-headings in the book. The word 'emotion' encompasses a broad range of feelings, behavior and changes in the body and mind. Noted professor and psychologist, Robert Plutchik listed the basic or main types of emotions as follows: joy; trust; fear; surprise; sadness; disgust; anger; anticipation; These, he said, can be classified as primary, secondary and tertiary emotions.
Basic Emotions. Explanations > Emotions > Basic Emotions. List of emotions | So what. List of emotions. What are the basic emotions?
As ever, theorists disagree. Ortony and Turner () collated a wide range of research on identification of basic emotions. May 08, · All tears contain organic substances including oils, antibodies, and enzymes and are suspended in salt water.
Different types of tears have distinct molecules. Emotional tears have protein-based hormones including the neurotransmitter leucine enkephalin, which is a natural painkiller that is released when we are stressed.
free and easy. cheerful. bright.